导出类型

 

[Hip joint development after closed reduction, complicated by growth disturbance of the capital femoral epiphysis].

Abstract
The purpose of the study was to assess hip joint development after the treatment of DDH with overhead traction and closed reduction complicated by growth disturbances of the proximal femoral epiphysis. Comparison was also made between joints affected by AVN and other treated joints. Antero-posterior radiographs of 107 hip joints (81 children) done during treatment and follow-up were retrospectively reviewed. The average age was 14.2 months (from 5 to 33 months) and age at the final follow up 20.7 years (minimum 14 years). AVN was detected in 31 (29%) of the hip joints. Type II necrosis according to Bucholz and Ogden classification system was the most common one. In the hips affected by growth disturbances of proximal femoral epiphysis there were worse final clinical and radiological results, osteoarthrosis and elongation of acetabulum were more often seen in comparison to other treated joints. There was no difference in terms of other parameters describing acetabulum. In 19 out of 31 cases deformity of femoral head was noted. AVN may present as a wide spectrum of pathology from mild, probably not significant growth disturbances of physis to severe deformity and lateralisation of femoral head. Statistically hips with AVN had worse final results and in cases with good congruity prognosis is often uncertain due to aspherical femoral head and secondary osteoarthrosis. Acetabular development is most often unaffected by AVN.

PMID: 17128771 [Pubmed - MEDLINE]

  • Full Text Sources

关联文献

  • 加载中....

检索记录[清空]