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Kidney Blood Press Res 2011 ;34 (1): 12-9. 全文索取
Estimation of oxidative stress markers in chronic kidney disease.

Abstract
Changes mediated by oxidative stress are thought to be involved with atherosclerosis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The purpose of this study was to analyze the markers of oxidative damage and the activity of antioxidative enzymes as well as the total antioxidant capability in patients with different stages of CKD, both conventionally treated and dialyzed. We evaluated the oxidative modification of lipids (by oxidized low-density lipoprotein and malonodialdehyde levels) and proteins (by advanced oxidation protein products level). We also assessed the activity of paraoxonase-1 and glutathione peroxidases and total antioxidant status. Compared with the control group, the uremic patients, both dialyzed and nondialyzed, had higher levels of all studied plasma oxidative stress markers and decreased activity of antioxidative enzymes. Our results lead us to conclude that oxidative stress seems to be related rather to the uremic state than to the dialysis treatment. We also showed that estimating total antioxidant status in a simple test is unreliable for assessing the antioxidant ability of patients with CKD.

PMID: 21071957 [Pubmed - MEDLINE]

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