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Clin Ter 2012 ;163 (5): 403-9. 全文索取
[Hyperglycaemia and Acute Coronary Syndrome].

Abstract
Hyperglycaemia in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)is common, and is an independent predictor of mortality and morbidity in patients both with and without diabetes mellitus. Hyperglycaemia may be a marker of pre-existing diabetes or glucose intolerance or may also represent a transient stress response mediated through the autonomic nervous system with release of adrenal corticosteroids and catecholamines. Several evidences suggest that an intensive control of hyperglycaemia results in a significant improvement of the adverse outcomes in the short and long term. In fact, an intensive metabolic treatment can counteract the negative effects of hyperglycaemia. However, the main difficulty to intensive glucose control in patients with ACS remains hypoglycaemia that is associated with an increased risk of mortality and myocardial re-infarction. No definitive data are available about the beneficial effects of insulin intensive treatment. Therefore, randomized multicenter clinical trials will be needed to definitively establish whether intensive glucose control will reduce the associated increased mortality rate and higher rates of complications in hospitalized ACS patients with hyperglycaemia.

PMID: 23099971 [Pubmed - MEDLINE]

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