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Antiplatelet and Anticoagulation Treatment in patients with thrombocytopenia.

Abstract
Thrombocytopenia (TP) is a common finding in patients hospitalized for cardiovascular causes and needing antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapies. However, TP is not only a numeric parameter, but mostly a dynamic condition affected by the patients' underlying disorders and concomitant treatments. Platelets are important players in the hemostatic process, taking part to both primary and secondary hemostasis. Although both TP and antithrombotic treatment contribute to the risk of bleeding, the complexity of the pathogenesis of bleeding events makes it difficult to predict them accurately simply based on these two parameters. It should be considered that, under certain clinical conditions, TP may be associated with an increased risk of thrombosis. In order to manage antithrombotic therapies in patients with TP, the frail balance between bleeding and thrombotic complications needs to be estimated. A joint hematological and cardiological evaluation is mandatory in order to avoid stopping an otherwise lifesaving treatment and to decrease the individual patient risk for both thrombotic and/or bleeding events, in each different setting. The purpose of this review is to describe an operative work flow aimed at helping clinicians to face this challenging issue.

PMID: 27917714 [Pubmed - Publisher]

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