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Endocr Res 2017 Mar; 1-11. 全文索取
LncRNA NONRATT021972 siRNA normalized the dysfunction of hepatic glucokinase through AKT signaling in T2DM rats.

Abstract
Hepatic glucokinase (GK) expression and activity are decreased in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) inhibits the synthesis of GK. In hepatocytes, the activation of the protein kinase B (PKB/AKT) signaling pathway enhances GK expression and inhibits the phosphorylation of GSK-3β. The dysfunction of certain long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been associated with a variety of diseases. This study explored the effects of the lncRNA NONRATT021972 small interfering RNA (siRNA) on the dysfunction of hepatic GK through AKT signaling in T2DM rats. Livers from type 2 diabetic rats and hepatocytes cultured in high glucose and high fatty acid media were studied. The changes in expression of AKT, GK and GSK 3β were detected by western blotting or RT-PCR. The application of bioinformatics technology (CatRAPID) was used to identify the targets of NONRATT021972 RNA. We found that lncRNA NONRATT021972 levels in the liver were increased in type 2 diabetic rats, and the increase was associated with an increase in the blood glucose levels. The NONRATT021972 siRNA enhanced phospho-AKT (p-AKT) levels, GK expression and hepatic glycogen synthesis. This siRNA also reduced phospho-glycogen synthase kinase-3β (p-GSK-3β) levels and hyperglycemia in T2DM rats, as well as in hepatocytes cultured in high glucose media with fatty acids. CatRAPID predicted that there was the interaction between NONRATT021972 and p-AKT. LncRNA NONRATT021972 siRNA may have beneficial effects on T2DM.

PMID: 28281841 [Pubmed - Publisher]

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