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J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2017 Aug;102 (8): 2922-2929. 全文索取
Sorafenib-Induced Changes in Thyroid Hormone Levels in Patients Treated for Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Abstract
The pathogenesis of tyrosine kinase inhibitor-induced thyroid hormone (TH) alterations are still a matter of debate. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of sorafenib on TH levels in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to evaluate possible mechanisms. We performed a prospective cohort study between 2009 and 2016. This study was conducted at a tertiary referral center. This study included 57 consecutive patients with HCC who were treated with sorafenib. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) levels were measured every 6 weeks, and extensive thyroid function tests (TFTs) were measured before treatment (t0), after 6 weeks (t6), and at the end of therapy. The effect of sorafenib on TH transport by monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)8 or MCT10 was tested in transfected COS1 cells. Four patients (7%) developed thyroiditis. Among the other patients, 30% had elevation of TSH or FT4 above the normal range. Overall, between t0 and t6, mean TSH increased from 1.28 to 1.57 mU/L (P < 0.001) and mean FT4 from 18.4 to 21.2 pmol/L (P < 0.001). Simultaneously, the serum triiodothyronine (T3)/reverse triiodothyronine ratio and the (T3/thyroxine) ×100 ratio decreased. Sorafenib decreased cellular T3 uptake by MCT8 and to a lesser extent by MCT10. These in vivo data suggest that sorafenib affects TFTs on multiple levels. Our in vitro experiments suggest a possible role of sorafenib-induced inhibition of T3 transport into the cell by MCT8 and MCT10.

PMID: 28575418 [Pubmed - MEDLINE]

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