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Mil Med 2017 Sep;182 (9): e1946-e1950. 全文索取
International Classification of Disease Coding of Exertional Heat Illness in U.S. Army Soldiers.

Abstract
The severity of exertional heat illnesses (EHI) ranges from relatively minor heat exhaustion to potentially life-threatening heat stroke. Epidemiological surveillance of the types of and trends in EHI incidence depends on application of the appropriate International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision (ICD-9) diagnostic code. However, data examining whether the appropriate EHI ICD-9 code is selected are lacking. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the appropriate ICD-9 code is selected in a cohort of EHI casualties. Chart reviews of 290 EHI casualties that occurred in U.S. Army soldiers from 2009 to 2012 were conducted. The ICD-9 diagnostic code was extracted, as were the initial and peak values for aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, creatine kinase, and creatinine. Diagnostic criteria for heat injury and heat stroke include evidence of organ and/or tissue damage; 2 out of 3 of the following must have been met to be considered heat injury (ICD-9 code 992.8) or heat stroke (ICD-9 code 992.0): aspartate transaminase/ alanine transaminase fold increase >3, creatine kinase fold increase >5, and/or creatinine ≥1.5mg/dL. Contingency tables were constructed from which sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value were calculated. The 290 cases in this cohort represent ∼29% of all EHI at Fort Benning and ∼6% of all EHI Army-wide during the study period. There were 80 cases that met the laboratory diagnostic criteria for heat injury/stroke, however of those, 28 cases were diagnosed as an EHI other than heat injury/stroke (sensitivity = 0.65). 210 cases did not meet the laboratory diagnostic criteria, but 66 of those were incorrectly diagnosed as heat injury or heat stroke (specificity = 0.69). Positive and negative predictive values were 0.44 and 0.84, respectively. In total, the incorrect ICD-9 code was applied to 94 of 290 total cases. Our data suggest that caution is warranted when examining epidemiological surveillance data on EHI severity, as there was disagreement between the laboratory data and the selected ICD-9 code in ∼1/3 of all cases in this cohort. Of note is the lack of an ICD-9 or -10 code for heat injury; we recommend coding for heat exhaustion as the primary diagnosis and additional codes to capture the accompanying muscle, tissue, and/or organ damage.

PMID: 28885960 [Pubmed - In-Process]

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