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Eur J Med Res 1995 Dec;1 (3): 137-43. 全文索取
Significance of prophylactic urodilatin (INN: ularitide) infusion for the prevention of acute renal failure in patients after heart transplantation.

Abstract
Acute renal failure is a serious problem following heart transplantation. In first uncontrolled clinical trials, Urodilatin revealed beneficial effects in the prophylaxis and therapy of acute renal failure following heart and liver transplantation. Here, we present the first randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study on 24 patients following heart transplantation to investigate whether prophylactic i.v. Urodilatin infusion can prevent acute renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy. Postoperative drug management was characterized by intravenous application of high furosemide, cyclosporine, and vancomycin doses. Urodilatin infusion was started postoperatively with a dose of 40 ng / kg bw / min for 6 days. 6 of the 12 patients in the Urodilatin group and 6 of the 12 patients in the placebo group had a stable diuresis (3 - 4 l / day) during the study period of 6 days. In contrast, the remaining 6 patients of each group developed oliguria / anuria and required subsequent hemofiltration / hemodialysis. Cumulative duration of hemofiltration (88 +/- 7.39 hours in the placebo treated patients versus 44 +/- 5.35 hours in the Urodilatin treated patients, p < 0. 05) as well as frequency of hemodialysis (3.0 +/- 0.49 times in the placebo group vs 1.2 +/- 0.29 times in the Urodilatin group, p < 0. 05) were significantly reduced using Urodilatin. Mean arterial blood pressure was stable during the Urodilatin infusion period and was not different to that observed in placebo patients. We conclude that Urodilatin does not reduce the incidence of acute renal failure and the subsequent requirement for hemofiltration / hemodialysis in our patient population, but seems to reduce the duration of hemofiltration and frequency of hemodialysis compared to the placebo group.

PMID: 9389675 [Pubmed - MEDLINE]

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